Padua is on the Turin-Trieste and Venice-Rome high-speed rail routes. It is about two hours from Milan, one hour from Bologna and 30 minutes from Venice and Verona. Padua is also easily reachable by train from Austria, Germany (along the line Verona-Innsbruck-Munich or Venice-Tarvisio-Villach-Salzburg) and France (via Dijon).
See Trenitalia for details.
The nearest airports are:
- Venice Marco Polo (50 Km) where many domestic and international airlines operate. A bus connects directly the airport with Padua in ca. 65 minutes. See https://www.veniceairport.it/en/transport/padua.html for details
- Treviso A. Canova (50 Km) where mainly Ryanair operates. A bus connects directly the airport with Padua in ca. 70 minutes. See https://www.trevisoairport.it/en/transport/bus.html for details.
Note that there is also a shuttle bus service, which picks up at a provided point (e.g. a hotel) and takes the passengers to any of the airports. The price is reasonable.See https://www.airserviceshuttle.it/en/ for a quote and details.
The airport of Verona Villafranca (95 Km) is a viable alternative, too.