Travel to and in Rome
All roads lead to Rome. That being said, let us look at some convenient connections to and within the Eternal City.
Getting to Rome
- By plane: Two international airports serve over 40 million passengers passing through the Eternal City every year. Fiumicino (FCO), also known as the Leonardo da Vinci International Airport, and Ciampino (CIA). Both offer a wide range of connections to other cities in Europe. The Fiumicino Airport is a central hub from Southern Europe to the rest of the world and is connected with the Leonardo Express train to the main railway station (Termini – see below).
- By train: Roma Termini is the main railway station in Rome. 800 trains arrive and depart from this station carrying over 480 000 passengers on a daily basis. These numbers make Termini the largest train station in Italy. The Termini station is very close to some of the city’s top attractions located in the city center, and is well connected via public transport: metro lines A and B cross Termini and link it to the main sites in the city (see below), together with several buses and tram lines to and from all areas in the city.
Public Transportation in Rome
Rome has an extensive public transportation network that includes buses, trams, and metro lines. Here are some things you should know before using public transportation in Rome:
Tickets and Fares
You can purchase public transportation tickets at newsstands, tobacco shops, and metro stations. There are different types of tickets available, including:
- BIT: This ticket is valid for one metro ride or 100 minutes of travel on buses and trams. It costs €1.50 .
- ROMA24H: This ticket is valid for 24 hours of unlimited travel on buses, trams, and metro lines. It costs €7 .
- ROMA72H: This ticket is valid for 72 hours of unlimited travel on buses, trams, and metro lines. It costs €18 .
- CIS: This ticket is valid until midnight of the seventh day including the day of validation, for unlimited travel on buses, trams, and metro lines. It costs €24 .
When using public transportation in Rome, be sure to validate your ticket. The validation machines are located at the entrance of metro stations and on board buses and trams.
The metro system in Rome consists of three lines: A (orange), B (blue), and C (green). Lines A and B cross at the Termini station.
The metro runs from 5:30am to 11:30pm from Sunday to Thursday, and until 1:30am on Fridays and Saturdays. Trains run every 7-10 minutes during peak hours, and every 10-15 minutes during off-peak hours.
A map of the underground can be downloaded from this link.
Due to heavy traffic in Rome, the metro is often the fastest and most efficient way to get around the city. While there are only three metro lines, they connect to major tourist destinations such as the Vatican, Spanish Steps, Colosseum, and Trevi Fountain.
Buses and Trams
Buses and trams are a convenient way to get around the city, especially if you need to get to a location not served by the metro.
There are over 350 bus lines and 6 tram lines in Rome. Buses and trams run from 5:30am to midnight, with some night buses available until 5:00am. You can find bus schedules and route maps on the ATAC website (https://www.atac.roma.it/).
Tram line 8 is the most useful for tourists, as it runs through the historic center and stops at many major attractions, such as Piazza Venezia, Largo di Torre Argentina, and the Trastevere neighborhood.
Buses and trams can be crowded during rush hour, so be prepared to stand.
In Rome, there are areas called ZTLs (Limited Traffic Zones) where only authorized vehicles are allowed to enter during certain hours. These areas are designed to reduce traffic and pollution in the city center. Most of the historical center of Rome is included in these zones, so it is ideal to explore the city on foot.
If you plan on driving in Rome, it’s important to be aware of the ZTLs and their operating hours to avoid fines. You can find more information about the ZTLs, including maps and operating hours, on the city of Rome’s official website (https://www.romamobilita.it/it/servizi/ztl).
You can also check with your hotel or accommodations to see if they have permission for you to enter the ZTL and how to obtain it. Alternatively, you can park your car outside the ZTL and use public transportation or walk to get around the city.